No, Obama isn’t a hypocrite on taxes

Joe Scarborough got his undies in a knot because President Obama’s tax release shows he only paid 18 percent. Scarborough ranted:

“He’s paying a tax rate far lower than what a teacher pays. I’m speaking slowly so this sinks in. The hypocrisy is mind-boggling. This president does class warfare for a year and a half on the campaign trail. He attacks Mitt Romney repeatedly. … And yet this president, after demagoguing this issue for a year and a half, pays an 18 percent tax rate.”

Some people I know agree, but I think they’re missing the point.

Obama hasn’t been going around saying he wants to pay more federal income taxes. He’s been saying the system needs to be changed so that people like him all over the country pay more. If Obama voluntarily paid a higher rate, even a much higher rate, it would add, at best $50,000 or so to federal receipts. Returning the top 2 percent to pre-Bush tax rates, on the other hand, will bring in about $60 billion a year in additional revenue.

There is nothing hypocritical about advocating for a change in the system while still living under the system as it is. Thanks to the fiscal cliff deal Obama insisted on, his taxes will be higher next year, and if he gets his way in other negotiations, loopholes will be closed that will increase his effective rate even more.

This isn’t about what one person pays.

What about Mitt Romney’s tax rates? What about them? He was arguing to keep the status quo. In fact, he was arguing for tax cuts for people in his own bracket. The fact that he already paid less than most what a teacher pays and thought that was too much was why Romney’s tax rate mattered.

Why a ban on high-capacity magazines makes sense

A couple of days ago, NRA vice president Wayne LaPierre claimed there was no evidence that smaller magazines would have resulted in fewer deaths at the Newtown shooting. But he’s wrong. There’s substantial evidence that lower capacity magazines would provide more opportunities to stop these shootings sooner.

LaPierre infamously said, “The only thing that stops a bad guy with a gun is a good guy with a gun.” But a look at mass shootings shows that in at least a third of a cases, the shooter was stopped by a good person without a gun.

Here’s a good list (compiled by a gun enthusiast, by the way) of mass shootings and how they were ended. Of the 32 mass shootings studied, 15 ended after police arrived — either because they killed or apprehended the killer or because the shooter killed himself when police arrived. In 17 cases, civilians stopped the shootings before police could arrive. In 11 of those 17 cases. the civilians were unarmed. I would bet in nearly every case in which a shooter was apprehended by citizens (as opposed to shot or apprehended by police) that reloading provided the opportunity for that action. It may only take two seconds to change a magazine (or one second, according to LaPierre), but that time can make all the difference.

Congress should be working on passing a ban on magazines above 10 rounds. Some people say the ban would be useless because there are so many high-capacity magazines already out there. That’s why the ban should include both the sale of new magazines and the transfer of existing ones. (Use the ban recently passed in Connecticut as a model.) Most rampage shooters are in their teens or early 20s. They haven’t been collecting arms for years. Most buy their arsenal shortly before they use it. Making it extremely difficult (and illegal) to purchase high-capacity magazines would stop most of these shooters from acquiring them.

An assault weapon ban might be effective, though I understand the argument that there’s little or no functional difference between an assault rifle and most semi-automatic hunting rifles.

Eleven of these shootings in recent years have been stopped by unarmed civilians. Why not give those heroes a little better chance? There is no constitutional right to a high-capacity magazine, and no legitimate need for one.

LaPierre is wrong: There’s plenty of evidence to suggest that a ban on high-capacity magazines could have made a difference at Sandy Hook. A ban on high-capacity mags could be effective, if not at deterring these rampages, at least in limiting the carnage.

Looking back on the Iraq War

The 10th anniversary of the beginning of the invasion of Iraq should prompt some serious reflection. Judging by the Dick Cheney documentary, some of those most responsible for that disaster have done little reflection and, indeed, don’t even appear to recognize how much damage that misadventure caused, and continues to perpetuate. Just for fun, I looked up what I wrote when the war started. Unfortunately, more of my fears came true than hopes were realized. But even in my worst imaginings, I don’t think I foresaw just how bad it would be: how long it would last; how many casualties it would cost, how much money we would throw away.

I certainly hope that the next time the nation makes a decision to go to war, as opposed to having one thrust upon us, we’ll give a bit more weight to the dissenters, think a little harder about the “evidence” used to sell the war and question our leaders far more insistently. And I hope this nation never again falls into the trap of a “pre-emptive war” launched before a threat is genuinely identified, much less imminent.

You can read the column after the jump. Read more of this post

Obama’s incompetent because he refused to cave?

I got into another interesting Twitter debate with the Wall Street Journal’s James Taranto. In yesterday’s column, he argued that the lack of a deal to avert the sequester was evidence that:

… Obama is not very good at the job of being president. He does not seem able to command the congressional leadership’s respect or trust. Nor does he seem capable of striking fear into them. That needn’t mean ordering his guards to threaten them physically but rather making them feel there will be unpleasant political consequences if they don’t give him a deal.

I suggested that perhaps, instead, it was evidence that the GOP isn’t amenable to reason and unconcerned with “unpleasant political consequences.” Or, given the bubble today’s GOP lives in, completely unaware that those political consequences will fall on them far more heavily than the president. In any case, the GOP clearly wasn’t willing to accept a deal other than one that gave them everything they wanted: A sequester alternative made entirely of cuts, and cuts that fell heavily on domestic spending.

We went back and forth a little, and I finally asked him this: “Serious question: Beyond a complete cave, what could Obama have done to get a deal from GOP that he didn’t try?”

What I got back was very telling: “Your premise is that Obama is competent unless I can instruct him specifically how to do his job?”

I replied: ” If you can’t even envision a scenario in which he could succeed, I’d say that’s indication he’s done what he could do.”

Taranto rather nonsensically replied with: “Which is entirely consistent with what I wrote. His own incapacity limited ‘what he could do.’ ”

I don’t understand that, since it was Republican intransigence, not Obama’s incapacity, that limited what he could do. So I asked Taranto what a president without whatever weakness Taranto ascribed to him — an LBJ, Clinton or Reagan — could have done.

Taranto went silent after that. I engaged with a few of his more reasonable Twitter minions (Twinions?), and Taranto weighed in again hours later, but, again, didn’t answer the question: Other than a complete cave on Obama’s part, what deal would Republicans have accepted? So I asked yet again, and got this telling reply:

“Beats me. But I did not claim I am more competent to do Obama’s job than Obama is.”

This reminded me of Ron Fournier’s  response to the pushback he got to a column he wrote making a similar point to Taranto’s original: The inability to strike a sequester deal with a party that is absolutely unwilling to compromise was somehow Obama’s fault. When Obama adviser David Pfeiffer asked him how he’d deal with the GOP in this situation, Fournier responded, “Very fair point. If I had one, I might be President. Luckily for the nation, I never presumed to lead. Those who did now must.”

In other words, neither man has a clue how Obama could negotiate with a party that refuses compromise, but damn it, it’s his fault for not figuring it out.

No. The fault lies with the party that thinks negotiation involves repeatedly demanding everything you want, repeatedly refusing to offer a single concession and repeatedly lying about the cuts the president has already offered and the cuts that have already been put in place.

Look, both Taranto and Fournier are right in this: They weren’t elected president. It’s Obama’s job to deal with Congress. But the fact that neither one of them can even begin to describe a deal Obama could have reached with the GOP short of complete capitulation doesn’t leave either much room to criticize his performance.

The spending ‘surge’ under Obama

Here’s federal spending during President Obama’s first term.



Here’s federal spending during President Bush’s two terms.



Note the scales on the left are not identical. For Bush’s two terms, the scale covers a range of $1.8 trillion. For Obama’s, it covers just under $400 billion.

Any questions?

A conflict of law, and how to resolve it

Yesterday, I went after Best of the Web columnist James Taranto for what I gathered was him intentionally confusing the debate over the debt ceiling increase, making it appear that President Obama wanted to add to the debt as opposed to ensuring that the United States could pay the obligations Congress had already made on the nation’s behalf.

But there is a point in he makes in the column that is intriguing:

What would happen if Congress failed to raise the debt limit is that the government would be unable both to pay off existing bondholders and to spend all the money Congress has ordered. That would create a conflict of law.

That got me thinking. If the GOP does the unthinkable and refuses to increase the debt ceiling, there will be a conflict of law, as Taranto says. On the one hand, you have the law passed in the early 20th century that set up an arbitrary ceiling on the debt the Treasury Department could hold in order to pay the government’s bills. On the other hand, you have every other single law ever passed that either raised revenue or spent money.

One very awkward solution — though not as awkward as minting a trillion dollar coin or pretending the 14th Amendment says something it does not — would be for the president to go on live TV and say something along these lines:

I have something important to say to my fellow Americans, to the global economic community and to anyone who ever bought a Treasury bond. Because of the gross irresponsibility of congressional Republicans, I am faced with a difficult choice. Either decision I make will break the law and undermine the Constitution. I can either accept the law setting the debt ceiling at the current level, which we have reached, or I can ignore that law.

If I accept that law, I must break literally hundreds of others. I must renege on obligations Congress made to the people of this nation. I must shut down essential services authorized by Congress. I must risk defaulting on the full faith and credit of the United States because, frankly, the federal government is an enormous machine and ensuring that some of our creditors get paid while others get stiffed is an order of magnitude more complex than most people appreciate.

Not only that, however, I will be putting the executive branch in the position of making what are clearly legislative branch decisions. I do not have the authority to decide what programs to fund and what programs not to fund. That’s Congress’ job, not mine. By refusing to pass an increase on the debt limit, Republicans in Congress have unconstitutionally shifted that responsibility, that power, to me. I don’t want it, and it is not my power to exercise.

Therefore, I’ve decided that if I must break the law and undermine the Constitution, I will do so in a way that is least disruptive to the global and American economies and to the American people, and in the way that involves less executive overreach: I have instructed my Secretary of the Treasury to ignore the statutory debt limit and to issue bonds in the amount necessary to keep the government functioning and to honor the legislative intent of every other law passed by Congress.

Let me be clear: This is not a choice I make lightly. But it is a decision that has been forced upon me. If Congress does not approve, then it can either cut the spending it has approved, raise more revenue or increase the debt ceiling.

In other words, Congress can do its job.

Thank you, good night, and may God bless America.

Update: Just to be perfectly clear, I realize such an announcement by the president is completely unrealistic. It would roil the bond markets. Who would buy Treasury bills under such a cloud? It’s just a thought I had in reaction to Taranto’s point. If you have conflicting laws, who says the law that causes the most turmoil and destruction ought to win? A constitutional law scholar could probably tell me a dozen ways this scenario is unworkable. Of course, equally unworkable is the Republican willingness to refuse to increase the debt ceiling if they don’t win spending concessions. Unfortunately, that isn’t imaginary.

James Taranto thinks you’re stupid, too

The Wall Street Journal’s Best of the Web columnist James Taranto is smarter than this, I thought. From today’s column: “The 14th Amendment clearly does not authorize the executive branch to incur more debt without congressional approval.” The debt ceiling debate is NOT about incurring more debt. It is about paying the debt Congress has already incurred. Taranto knows that. Republican officeholders know that — even if they sometimes pretend they don’t. They just think you’re stupid and don’t know any better.

Speaking of the 14th Amendment gambit he described in the quote above and of another out-there idea — to have the Treasury Secretary take advantage of a poorly written law to mint two $1 trillion coins, deposit them in the Treasury and put that money on the books, thus enabling the United States to continue paying its debts — Taranto also says this: “Democrats, for their part, are again suggesting two ways of working around the debt limit.”

That’s just wrong. Democrats don’t want to work around the debt limit. They want to increase it, as a Republican Congress did without drama 19 times during the Bush administration. It is the Republican refusal to increase the debt limit without onerous preconditions (which they don’t have the votes to win through the normal political process) that’s forcing Democrats and other sane people to think way outside the box. This isn’t, as a friend of mine liked to say, rocket surgery. If Republicans refuse to vote to increase the debt limit unless they get their way on spending cuts and President Obama sticks firm to his vow not to negotiate with terrorists again on the debt ceiling limit, the effects on the global and national economies will be catastrophic.

If minting trillion dollar coins can avoid those consequences, then mint the damn coins.

Even better, slap some sense into those Republicans who believe hostage-taking is a legitimate form of political negotiation. Or arrest them for economic treason and terrorism, which is exactly what they would be committing if, in the end, they actually pull the trigger and refuse to vote for a clean limit on the debt ceiling.

Asshole capitalism

I just read several paragraphs in an article in The Chronicle of Higher Education about the academic study of assholes (really), and it was like an epiphany: a unifying theory of asshole that explains just about everything that’s going wrong in the country right now.

Among the more intriguing issues taken up by James is the relationship between capitalism and asshole production. Simply put, does capitalism encourage assholes? James quotes Samuel Bowles, a professor emeritus of economics at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, who argues that market thinking “may set in motion a spiral of market-induced erosion of other-regarding and ethical values, which in turn prompts greater reliance on markets, which in turn further erodes values, and so on.”

A society caught in that spiral, James argues, is a society in distress. The institutions that sustain capitalism—public education, religion, family, law—begin to fray, resulting in a profusion of assholes. Such a society is in the grip of what James calls “asshole capitalism.” “Society becomes awash with people who are defensively unwilling to accept the burdens of cooperative life, out of a righteous sense that they deserve ever more.”

The result: Living standards rise for only a few; political power is concentrated in the hands of a minority, whose members change the rules to protect their own interests; and “liberty,” “opportunity,” and “prosperity” devolve into platitudes. Sound familiar? James thinks so. “The United States stands at the precipice,” he writes. “Chances are fair to good that it has already reached a tipping point into asshole capitalism and perhaps irreversible decline.”

Doesn’t that pull it all together? The TEA Party is nothing if not a party of assholes — a group of individuals who have an immense belief in their own entitlement while deriding anyone else who receives government assistance as moochers and freeloaders. Then there’s the Mitt Romney version of the capitalist asshole: writing off 47 percent of the country as freeloaders because they don’t pay federal income tax, perfectly oblivious to the fact that they pay a higher rate in payroll taxes than he does on his income. Congress, almost self-evidently, is full of assholes, especially the House of Representatives. After all, how else do you describe a man who cheerfully votes against funding the federal flood insurance program to make sure victims of Hurricane Sandy can get relief just a few years after cheerfully praising far a more generous relief package for his own constituents who were hit by Hurricane Katrina? The dude is a straight-up asshole, pure and simple.

And the impact of this sense of entitlement that is  the main defining characteristic of the capitalist asshole: the very foundation of what makes this nation both great and a capitalist success — public education, infrastructure, any public investment that doesn’t flow almost immediately to the pocket of one special interest or another — is eroded.

If Aaron James, author of Assholes: A Theory, is correct, the United States is at the tipping point of asshole capitalism. I hope he’s wrong. But we have one major party that is most certainly “defensively unwilling to accept the burdens of cooperative life.”  I think that party is in the midst of a serious decline, and I hope all the non-asshole Republicans I know are rethinking their allegiance, or at least committed to freeing the party from its asshole wing. In the meantime, though, the party can do a lot of damage, and perhaps push us over that tipping point. The upcoming battle over increasing the debt ceiling, a manufactured crisis in which the Republican Party threatens to destroy the nation’s credit rating unless it gets what it wants, is a perfect opportunity for the nation to reject such assholery outright.

Robbers and databases

Ok, so if I can make sense of this quote from a reader of @JamesTaranto’s Best of the Web, and I’m not sure that’s possible, the gun-permit database posted by the Journal News of White Plains, N.Y., endangers BOTH those who own guns and were exposed by the database AND those who don’t own guns and were exposed (by omission) by the database. For what it’s worth, I seriously doubt the average robber consults databases when selecting targets, and I’d be amazed if either Taranto or his reader could point to a single instance of that actually happening.

If you look at the map carefully at the neighborhood level, they used a version of Google Maps to plot the locations of pistol permitees, but many of the plots are wrong. In my vicinity, I have identified at least three addresses that are incorrectly positioned. This is a serious journalistic error. It exposes those without guns to robbers who expect to find guns in their houses and will likely be more aggressive as they expect (based on the maps) the residents to be armed. In addition, it puts robbers at potential risk of entering a house expecting no weapons and getting justifiably confronted with a weapon.

Gun owners, especially those who like to talk publicly about the fact they have a concealed-carry permit, often ask why those of us who don’t either feel the need to have a concealed carry permit or talk about it think some of them might be a little paranoid.

The paragraph above should be saved as Exhibit A. This person, anyway, believes the expected presence of a gun puts a homeowner at greater risk of robbery. But so does the expected lack of presence of a gun.

It can be one, or the other, but only in the universe of a very paranoid person can it be both.

Full disclosure: I once was one of the decision-makers who decided it would be a good idea to post a database of concealed-carry holders. After the uproar that followed and further opportunity think about it, I decided we didn’t have a sufficiently compelling reason to put that database up. The Journal-News has apparently decided it did. More power to them.

A bad day to be a Republican

So, what did the Republican Party accomplish in the last 24 hours?

• A majority of its House members voted to keep plunging down the fiscal cliff, thus voting against lowering taxes on most Americans — either to protest the lack of tax cuts for the wealthiest Americans or the lack of spending cuts in programs that help the poorest Americans, or some combination of the two.

• The House GOP managed to block re-enactment of the Violence Against Women Act.

• The House GOP leadership failed to act on providing relief to victims of Hurricane Sandy.

Woo … hoo?

Oh, and word leaked that House Speaker John Boehner told Majority Leader Harry Reid to “Go f— yourself!” And he was so proud of that burst of juvenile profanity that he bragged about it later.

Such a proud day for the GOP.

I find it hard to believe that Republican voters look at this stuff and feel good about the party they belong to.