Two Americas

The Democratic convention has been far more substantive than the Trump Show. There’s been a lot more talk about actual policy and ideas to make life for the average person better, and a lot less, “WE’RE ALL GOING TO DIE!”

But beyond that, what strikes me is this: These are people who are having a good time. They’re laughing, sometimes at themselves, like Howard Dean. Sometimes at Donald Trump, like Elizabeth Banks. They’re joking. They’re having fun.

And they’re doing it without calling for Trump’s jailing or execution, or chants of “Lock him up!”

We’re getting a very different vision of what America can be from these two conventions.

One is a dour, forbidding place where few minorities, aside from a few on-stage tokens, can be seen, but where a suffocating fear of The Other hangs over everything like a dark cloud. Where paranoia reigns, and the frightened masses look to one man, a savior who promises that he alone can fix everything.

The other is bright and sunny, where people work through real differences and past transgressions, leading to compromises and genuine reconciliation. Where the focus is on what makes America great right now, and how we all together can work to make it even greater. And this place looks like America, from the genuine diversity onstage to the genuine diversity within the crowd.

I know which America I live in now, and which one I’d like to continue to live in after November.

Trumpism is a drug

No spoilers please, but my wife and I are about eight episodes in to the current season of Orange is the New Black. (So, okay, spoiler alert, if you’re not that far along.)

Nicki and Red just had a touching moment in the shower. Not THAT kind of touching moment, you pervert. Nicki is all sorts of strung out on drugs. Red doesn’t know what to do.

Nicki blearily says something along the lines of, “Bring it on. Blame me. I was always a lost cause. Nothin’ you could do. It was always going to end this way. Tell me how awful I am. Tell me how much I’ve disappointed you. Whatever.”

Red breaks down in tears. She’s got nothing left. Nothing she can say to make Nicki see what a self-destructive, awful path she’s heading down. Red just cries, anguished moans of despair escaping her as she tries to blame herself. She failed Nicki, just like she failed another drug dependent inmate who ended up in an early grave.

That’s how I feel about my conservative friends who, despite all evidence, are backing a mad man for president. They know how bad it is for them, and for us. They know they’re on a self-destructive path they can’t break from. But they can’t stop. And every word I say only feels like its pushing them further into the arms of this despotic madman.

And I want to break down in tears.

I like these friends.

I respect their intellect (except where it’s been blinded by the fear Trump so competently packages and sells). They are compassionate, feeling people, numbed by the drug of hate administered by Donald Trump.

I know they are better than that.

But I know they seem lost. And there is nothing, absolutely nothing, I can do or say to get them back on track. Even trying may push them further onto the path of destruction. It is like dealing with a person in the grips of addiction, but instead of addiction to drugs or alcohol, they are addicted to fear: Fear of the brown hordes (that really aren’t) flooding across our southern border. Fear of the radical Islamic refugees swarming from Syria (even though it’s a trickle of well-vetted refugees escaping the Islamic radicals). Fear of the cop-killers (even though far fewer cops have been killed in the line of duty this year than last; and far more innocent civilians have been killed by cops than innocent cops killed by civilians).

So, yes, I want to break down like Red did. And I want to reach them, the way that display of emotion appears to have reached Nicki, who promises Red at the end of the episode that she’s going to get clean.

But (no spoilers!) I kind of doubt that story has a happy ending. I hope it does; but I doubt it.

I’ve got much more faith in Donald Trump losing than I do in Nicki making it to the end of this current season. And his defeat will be a good thing. But it won’t be an ending. Just as Orange Is The New Black will be back next year, so will Trumpism, though it may take a different form, most likely in a different guise.

But America is best when it doesn’t give in to hate and fear. When we concentrate on the things that unite us rather than those that divide us.

That is the spirit Barack Obama called to eight years ago when he took office. And that is the spirit I pray will prevail this year, and every year after in these United States.

Trump is a drug. Trumpism is a drug. But it’s a habit I know America can break. We are better than that.

The real significance of Melania’s plagiarized speech


So this happened on the opening night of the Republican National Convention:

This probably won’t be a long-lasting scandal, but it does say several significant things — none of them, it should be noted, about Melania Trump, who did a fine job of reading the speech prepared for her. (I don’t think anyone was supposed to believe her when she said she wrote it herself with as little help as possible.)

First of all, this is a sign of stunning incompetence by the Trump campaign. This speech should have been vetted at multiple levels, and at one of those levels, someone should have thought to go back and compare it to Michelle’s speech, not to check for plagiarism, but just to see what the last successful presidential candidate’s wife had to say at his first convention. No one did. So, don’t just fire the speech writer. Fire whoever checked the speech writer’s work.

Second, Paul Manafort went on CNN the next day and denied there was any plagiarism. “To think that she would do something like that, knowing how scrutinized her speech was going to be last night, is just really absurd,” he told Chris Cuomo. It is absurd — see point No. 1. But it’s more absurd to look at those passages and deny the plagiarism took place. The Trump campaign really does think his supporters are stupid, apparently.

So with this incident, the Trump campaign proved its incompetence, its willingness to lie even when the lie is blatantly obvious and its utter contempt for the intelligence of the American people.

That is an opening night.

From practical jokester to master manipulator?

Dilbert creator Scott Adams has lost a fair amount of credibility and respect in recent months with his strange embrace of Donald Trump. He swears, repeatedly, he doesn’t support Trump politically, but respects his “persuasion techniques.”
Whatever. He still comes across as an enthusiastic Trump shill.
But I recently came across this post from Trump’s last flirtation with a presidential run. Back then, Adams thought it was all a big practical joke:
“This is not a man who thinks he might someday debate serious politicians in a public forum. This is a man who is winking at the camera and daring you to see the obvious.”
Considering how the Republican presidential debates went, it’s fair to say that Trump hasn’t yet debated serious politicians in a public forum.
Adams also had this to say: “Trump is smart enough to never admit that his presidential aspirations are no more than marketing. To admit the trick would damage his brand. But he has no need to ever expose the prank. Trump, the magnificent bastard, has figured out a way to have his cake and eat it too. The people who are in on the joke find it entertaining. The people who will never know it’s a joke have raised their opinion of him so much that he’s the leading Republican presidential contender. And his TV ratings are up, so from a marketing standpoint it’s working.”
Which leads to the question that many have asked: Did Trump go into his current run taking it seriously, or was it another practical joke that has gotten way, way out of hand.
And another question: Is Adams in on the joke?

The GOP’s Trump problem

nbc-fires-donald-trump-after-he-calls-mexicans-rapists-and-drug-runnersSo, you’re a once-respected national political party — the party of Lincoln, the party of Eisenhower, the party of Reagan.

What do you do about Donald Trump?

After his sweep of the latest round of primaries, it is a near-certainty that he will go into the convention with the delegates needed to win on the first vote. There will not, as establishment Republicans have hoped against hope, be a second vote or a brokered convention.

So, what you do? Accept Trump? Accept a man so clearly and monumentally unprepared to serve as Commander-in-Chief, to sit in the Oval Office, to represent America at home or abroad?

Do you suck it up and support the nominee, even if it’s obvious he will lose in November, and probably hand Democrats the Senate and possibly even the House in the process? Or worse, he’ll somehow defy expectations yet again and win? Donald Trump in the Oval Office would be a disaster for America. A disaster for the Republican Party. A disaster for the world. He has no coherent philosophy, much less a coherent conservative philosophy. He has no understanding of the intricacies of governing or foreign policy or foreign trade — and no apparent desire or capability to learn them. He is all bluster and bully, and he would disgrace the party and the nation that elects him.

So, what do you do?

I say, if you’re the GOP, you do whatever you can, anything you can, to deny Trump the nomination. Even if he goes in with a majority of the delegates.

This is, I’ll admit, a horribly undemocratic idea. But the GOP’s primary voters have failed the party — and those voters are really only a small subset of Republican voters. (Though, yes, the party itself, having fed the angriest, least informed portion of its base a steady diet of anti-Obama red meat for the last seven and a half years bears its share of blame.) If the idea of the Republican Party is to mean anything moving forward, the party has a responsibility to itself to not allow Donald Trump to be its standard bearer.

Because of the way delegates are selected, even if Trump has won a majority of delegates, there’s no guarantee that a majority of the delegates themselves support Trump. In fact, it’s highly unlikely. And the rules governing a convention and how delegates select the nominee are fluid. The delegates could sit down before the first vote and release themselves to vote for anyone, not just who primary voters preferred. A fly in that ointment is that about 95 percent of delegates are bound by state party rules or state law to vote as they were assigned during the primary or caucus on the first vote. Who knows? Perhaps the margin will be thin enough that the 5 percent of unbound delegates can prevent Trump from winning the first round, releasing all the delegates. Or maybe one of those smart elections lawyers who helped secure George W. Bush’s victory in 2000 could figure out a way around the bound delegate problem.

However it worked, it would be a messy process that could anger a lot of voters and seriously undermine the party well into the future. But, guess what? A Trump nomination will also seriously undermine the party well into the future.

But if this doesn’t work — or the party doesn’t have the guts to even attempt it — then what? Donald Trump becomes the nominee.

Then what do you do?

This is when serious Republicans have to decide whether they will vote for anyone with an R after his name, or if they want their party to have some minimum standards.

There have been a lot of Republican leaders who go on and on about how unacceptable Trump is, what a disaster he would be as president. But, then, when asked if they’ll support him if he’s the nominee, they meekly say yes.

If Donald Trump actually becomes the nominee, that has to stop. Republican congressional leaders — who know how awful Trump is — should refuse to endorse him. The party apparatus should refuse to support him. Super PACs loyal to the party should refuse to fund him. Take the lead of the Koch brothers, who have indicated they’ll pour their resources into trying to blunt the down-ticket damage of a Trump candidacy.

donald-trump-has-surged-to-the-top-of-2-new-2016-pollsThe burden is not just on the Republican leadership, such as it is. Serious Republican voters need ask themselves if that is the face of the Republican Party they believe in and support. As much hatred as there is for Hillary Clinton on the right, serious Republican voters will need to consider either voting for her or, if that’s a bridge too far, staying home on Election Day.

I am not a neutral observer, I admit. I think the Republican Party has already fallen far. Congressional leadership has earned its 11 percent approval rating. The rank Republican obstructionism and refusal to govern if it meant cooperating in any way, shape or form with a duly elected president has done much to poison our political system. The fact that Republican leaders came this close to tanking the economy and faith in the U.S. to repay its debts by refusing to raise the debt ceiling earned them, in my estimation, a generation in the political wilderness.

But, liberal that I am, I do want to see a functioning, functional and coherent conservative party in the United States.

Such a party does not nominate Donald Trump, or support his candidacy if he does somehow win that nomination.

The Republican Party may not be able to save itself, in the end. But it can save America and the rest of the world from the disaster of a Trump presidency.

Really, America?

“This is not a long shot. This is something that is going to be really amazing … We’re going to have a lot of success, and everyone’s going to enjoy it.”
This is real video of Donald Trump launching a multi-level marketing scheme in 2009. (Youthful indiscretion is not, in other words, a valid excuse.) These are almost always scams (which is why when you type “multi-level marketing” in Google, it autocompletes “multi-level marketing scams”). He promised great things, but now his attorney says his role was limited to licensing the ‘Trump’ brand and providing motivational speeches. In other words, he lied about his involvement in the scam. Er, scheme.
He lied then; he’s lying now. Wake up, America. You are THIS close to nominating a man who would make snake-oil salesmen blush in shame as a major-party candidate to be PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.
Stop it. Go home. Sober up. Think about changing your life. If this isn’t a wakeup call, I don’t know what is.

What are Republicans thinking?

I really don’t know what Republicans think they are gaining from the unprecedented shirking of their constitutional duty in refusing to even consider a nominee from a sitting president to fill the Supreme Court vacancy created by Justice Antonin Scalia’s death.

Their nominee is almost certainly going to be Donald Trump. He will almost certainly lose. At which point, Garland’s nomination will be withdrawn, and the appointment will become Hillary Clinton’s to make.

In November, the GOP will be attempting to defend the gains it made in the Senate in 2010, largely in blue-leaning states. Republican senators are already extremely vulnerable, and thumbing their noses at their constitutional responsibility and attempting to deny a democratically elected president the right to nominate a Supreme Court justice will only make them more vulnerable, increasing the likelihood of the Democrats retaking the Senate.

It seems to me, Senate Republicans have a clear choice: They can do the right thing and get the most moderate candidate imaginable (far more moderate than Obama’s liberal supporters would prefer). Or they can act like petulant children, refuse to do their jobs, and face the likely prospect of a far more progressive nominee from Clinton being confirmed by a Democratic-controlled Senate.

Has the Republican base really become so unmanageable that Republicans feel they must choose political suicide over the far more reasonable course of action?

USA Today runs a stunningly dishonest commentary

A recent commentary in USA Today is one of the most stunningly dishonest opinion pieces I’ve seen in a long time.

Ilya Somin, a law professor at Koch-funded George Mason University, wrote about several recent unanimous Supreme Court decisions that she claims served as a check against overreach by President Obama:

When a president pursues policies that require such expansive federal power that he can’t get a single justice to agree, something is probably amiss.

The problem? Every single case she mentioned, while decided by the Supreme Court in the last couple of years, actually originated during previous administrations. The facts in Horne v. Department of Agriculture date back to the Clinton Administration. Sackett v. Environmental Protection Agency and Arkansas Game & Fish Administration v. United States both date back to the Bush administration. A unanimous decision regarding religious employees also dates back to the Bush Administration, as did United States v. Jones, dealing with whether a search warrant is required to place a GPS tracking device on a suspect’s car.

Every single example, in other words, dealt with a position originally taken by a previous administration then subsequently defended by the Justice Department as the case wound through the court system. Not one of these represented a policy pursued by Obama.

I presume that Somin knew this. If not, she should not be teaching law. If so, she should not be publishing commentaries in national newspapers. The editors at USA Today owe the readers they have allowed to be misinformed an apology. They should have fact-checked this piece before running it. The only ethical recourse left to them now is to retract it. Otherwise, readers will be left to wonder if they can trust the facts in any commentary that appears in the newspaper.

How safe is your marshmallow?

Study reenactment: Evelyn Rose, 4, of Brighton, N.Y. participates in a reenactment of the marshmallow experiment. The study found that children’s decisions to delay gratification is influenced as much by the environment as by their innate capacity for self-control. The study was conducted at the University of Rochester Baby Lab. Photo by J. Adam Fenster / University of Rochester

The scariest thing I’ve read lately about the future of America was about marshmallows.


In the late ’60s and early ’70s, a Stanford University psychology professor conducted a series of experiments on delayed gratification using 4- to 6-year-olds and marshmallows. In the experiment, the researcher would give a child a marshmallow and a choice: Eat the marshmallow now, or wait 15-minutes before eating it and get a second marshmallow to enjoy.

Fifteen minutes for a 5-year-old with a marshmallow is an eternity. The point of research was to see at what age the ability to delay gratification to receive greater rewards kicked in. Follow-up studies discovered something interesting: Children who were  able to delay gratification and get the second marshmallow tended to do better later in the life, scoring better on SATs, getting further in school, having healthier body-mass index scores. The thought was that an increased ability to exercise self-control at a young age led to better outcomes as the child grew.

But another study last year called that conclusion into question. Self-control, it turns out, isn’t as important as trust when it comes to delaying gratification.

Researchers repeated the marshmallow study, but this time the children were divided into groups: One group had a “reliable” researcher; the other, an “unreliable” researcher. Before the marshmallow study, the children were given used art supplies, but promised that the researcher would return in a bit with newer, better supplies for them to complete a task. In the “unreliable” group, the researcher failed to deliver.

Those children, taught not to trust the word of the researcher, were far more likely to eat the first donut without waiting for the second. They waited a mean time of a little over three minutes, while children in the other group averaged a 12-minute delay.

A recent article in Pricenomics discussed this study in relation to Silicon Valley’s ability to keep pumping out new technologies and new companies, even though they have a high failure rate. But the author, Alex Mayyasi, also hinted at the darker ramifications for the rest of the nation:

This is also why Americans’ pessimism and distrust is of such concern. Every patriotic immigrant story and feel good ode to American identity points to the American Dream: the belief that hard work will be rewarded with a good life. But confidence in the media, government, and financial system are all decreasing (something represented quantitatively in the “Trust in Institutions” barometer) and social mobility is falling. A major premise of Occupy Wall Street was that the rules of capitalism seemed rigged in one group’s favor and President Obama’s “fair shot” speeches during the election played off the idea that people no longer believed in an America “where hard work paid off, and responsibility was rewarded, and anyone could make it if they tried.”

That is dangerous because, as we’ve seen, people decide whether to work hard, take initiative, and invest for the future based on whether they trust that it will be rewarded.

The kids in the group with an unreliable researcher learned not to trust, so they ate the marshmallow they had instead of delaying gratification and waiting for the second marshmallow.

The way things are now, can Americans trust corporate America to give them a promised second marshmallow? Ask Patriot Coal’s retired miners about that. The real question is whether we can trust corporate America not take away the marshmallow we already have.

I came across the Priceonomics article on one of my favorite websites, MetaFilter. Just two posts down from that, I saw this article: “The Expendables: How the Temps Who Power Corporate Giants Are Getting Crushed.” The ProPublica article details the rise of the use of temp workers by corporate powerhouses such as Wal-mart, Nike and Frito-Lay. These workers, employed indirectly by some of the most profitable corporations in the world, have no job security, no benefits and low pay. According to Labor Department statistics quoted in the article, nearly one-fifth of overall job growth in the economy since the end of the Great Recession has been in temporary employment. America now has more temporary workers — 2.7 million — than ever. And the conditions they work under are worse than ever.

Other low-income workers are being forced to pay fees to get access to their wages, a lucrative arrangement for both banks and employers that can cost workers a significant portion of their already low pay.

The Pricenomics article discussed how cultures Americans once wrote off because of their “lazy” workers — South Korea, China, Japan — were actually just mired in poverty. When those same workers trusted they had the opportunity to succeed, their work ethic improved dramatically.:

All these “lazy” people were perfectly willing to work hard, study long hours, and plan for the future, but only when opportunities existed and they trusted that hard work would pay off. This lesson, that people work hard when they are confident that it will pay off, is simple. But it is one that is often eclipsed behind perceptions of culture, innate ability, or other explanations.

And this is why marshmallows have me worried about the future of America. As corporations shred decades-old social contracts in pursuit of an ever-better bottom line, as corporate profits soar while the median income of Americans stagnates or declines, as promised retirement benefits vanish and those left with few opportunities for stable employment are derided as “takers,” the trust that hard work can pay off is going to evaporate in the light and heat of available evidence. That trust is the core motivator to work hard, better yourself and work for the future. What happens when a broad swath of America decides such trust is misplaced?

Eat your marshmallow now. You know the second one isn’t coming, and you can bet someone in a boardroom somewhere is trying to figure out a way to take a bite out of the first one.

Taranto jumps the shark

I probably spend too much time responding to The Wall Street Journal’s James Taranto. But he’s ordinarily an intriguing intellectual opponent, even if Obama’s election and re-election pushed him a bit over the edge.

But with today’s column, Taranto completely jumped the shark. I started to reply by Twitter, but 145 characters just isn’t enough to respond to this column-length bit of lunacy.

So, let’s take it one point out a time.

First, of Benghazi, Taranto says of the now well rehashed rewriting of talking points following the attack: “But if the purpose of that rewriting was, as it appears to have been, to deceive voters and bolster the president’s re-election prospects, then it was a subversion of democracy.”

As it appears to have been? Taranto, unsurprisingly, doesn’t spell out any evidence of that. Unless you live in the right-wing echo chamber, you know, there is no evidence of that. You know that President Obama released more than 100 pages of email that point to a bit of a turf war between the State and CIA in the drafting of the talking points, both aimed at protecting their own images (along with intelligence sources and methods), and no improper political involvement from the White House.

He then goes on to call the minor IRS scandal “a subversion of democracy on a massive scale.”

“The most fearsome and coercive arm of the administrative state embarked on a systematic effort to suppress citizen dissent against the party in power,” he hyperventilated.

Again, unless you solely inhabit the right-wing echo chamber, you know that the “scandal” was centered on one department in Ohio that, overwhelmed by the sudden increase in the number of applications for 501(c)4 organizations, improperly used screening methods that resulted in more tea-party affiliated organizations coming under scrutiny. These are tax-exempt “social welfare” groups. In order to qualify for their tax-exempt status — which, for obvious reasons, is the job of “most fearsome and coercive arm of the administrative state” to determine — their primary purpose cannot be political. However, liberal groups weren’t exempt from the scrutiny, and it’s a simple fact that conservative 501(c)4s were far more politically active than liberal 501(c)4s. (According to Open Secrets, conservative groups outspent liberal groups 34 to 1 in 2010 and 2012.)

Calling such scrutiny “a systematic effort to suppress citizen dissent against the party in power” is ludicrous. For one, these groups don’t need their designation approved by the IRS before beginning operation. And if the designation is rejected (and they rarely have been), the only real penalty is that the organization must pay taxes on its income. No one was silenced.

Glossing over all this, Taranto says this incident means America has become as despotic as China.

Taranto moves onto the “liberal” media, accusing the media of being more in cahoots with Obama than it’s ever been with any other president or political party. This ideological and political alignment, Taranto warns with no hint of irony or self-awareness, has led the media to abdicate “their guiding principles of impartiality, objectivity and sometimes even accuracy.” The man works for a paper owned by Rupert Murdoch, and he wants to lectures others about abdicating impartiality, objectivity and accuracy? Never mind that the conservative media that he is part of is far guiltier of abandoning impartiality and objectivity, and has never cared much about accuracy. But how could Taranto miss that the biggest mainstream media blunder in recent weeks — ABC’s reporting on Republican fabrications of those recently released emails as if they had seen the originals — worked against Obama, not in his favor?

In fact, the only example of media bias Taranto presented in his lengthy diatribe was a Washington Post story on the IRS scandal that called Democracy 21, a group that expressly advocates for better government, a “good-government group.” Wow. What a stretch. He then goes even further and accuses Democracy 21, which advocated stricter scrutiny of both Crossroads GPS and the pro-Obama Priorities USA, of encouraging an abuse of government power.

But where Taranto really jumps the shark is when he talks about how the left’s ascendancy in the ’60s and ’70s is responsible for today’s political polarization and institutional left-wing dominance.

It oversimplifies matters only slightly to say the liberal left owes its cultural authority to three events in the 1960s and 1970s. The culmination of the civil-rights movement in 1964-65 established its moral authority. The antiwar movement’s success at securing defeat in Vietnam established its political authority. Watergate discredited the Republican Party. (It also made heroes of journalists and provided impetus for restricting the political speech of those who are not media professionals.)

The political result of all this was more polarization. The ascendant left became dominant in the Democratic Party, driving conservatives into the Republican camp, which in turn encouraged liberal Republicans to become Democrats. The cultural result–the effect on journalistic, educational, charitable and scientific institutions–was both polarization and left-wing domination.

First of all, it was not the liberalization of the Democratic Party that drove conservatives to the Republican camp. It was the Republican Party’s decision to capitalize on passage of the Civil Rights Act, and embrace the shameful “Southern Strategy” that welcomed racist Southern Democrats into the party. The conservative upswing in the Republican Party didn’t “encourage” liberal Republicans to become Democrats. The Republican Party has been undertaking a periodic purge of liberal, moderate and, lately, insufficiently conservative Republicans for years.

And I lived through the ’70s, ’80s and ’90s. I don’t remember any of those decades as a time of liberal ascendance, culturally or politically. Bill Clinton, don’t forget, was elected as a moderate Democrat.

Taranto does seem to realize that none of the scandals currently consuming the Beltway will amount to much, absent an unlikely direct connection to the White House. So he’s left making an incoherent argument based on a willful inflation of the facts that the fact that these scandals can’t be hung on Obama is actually worse for the nation because it’s “a sign that the government itself has become a threat to the Constitution.”

James Taranto, meet shark. Shark, James Taranto.

Perhaps Taranto needs a vacation. California, maybe. Just leave your leather jacket and water skis at home.